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Last updateThu, 25 Oct 2018 12am

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    Tuesday, October 23, 2018-9:49:51A.M.

     

     

     

     

     

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Public health advisory: Heat stress

(Commonwealth Healthcare Corp.) — As we move into summer and start to enjoy some of our favorite outdoor activities it’s important to protect ourselves from heat stress, or heat-related illnesses.

Heat stress occurs when the body is unable to cool down properly. A too high body temperature may cause damage to the brain or other vital organs.

It is most important, especially in our hot tropical climate, to stay hydrated by drinking water, stay cool, and stay informed.

Below are the different types of heat-related illnesses (from most to least serve), how to recognize them, and what to do when presented with signs of them.

Heat stroke

What to look for

High body temperature (103°F or higher)

Hot, red, dry, or damp skin

Fast, strong pulse

Headache

Dizziness

Confusion

Nausea

Passing Out

What to do

Call 911 right away — heat stroke is a medical emergency

Move the person to a cooler place

Help lower the person’s temperature with cool cloths or a cool bath

Do not give the person anything to drink

Heat exhaustion

What to look for

Heavy sweating

Cold, pale, and clammy skin

Fast, weak pulse

Nausea or vomiting

Muscle cramps

Tiredness or weakness

Dizziness

Headache

Fainting (passing out)

What to do

Move to a cool place

Loosen your clothes

Put cool, wet cloths on your body or take a cool bath

Sip water

Get medical help right if:

You are throwing up

Your symptoms get worse

Your symptoms last longer than 1 hour

Heat cramps

What to look for

Heavy sweating during intense exercise

Muscle pain or spasms

What to do

Stop physical activity and move to a cool place

Drink water or a sports drink

Wait for cramps to go away before you do any more physical activity

Get medical help right if:

Cramps last longer than 1 hour

You’re on a low-sodium diet

You have heart problems

Sunburn

What to look for

Painful, red, and warm skin

Blisters on skin

What to do

Stay out of the sun until your sunburn heals

Put cool cloths on sunburned areas or take a cool bath

Put moisturizing lotion on sunburned areas

Do not break blister

Heat rash

What to look for

Red clusters of small blisters that look like pimples on the skin (usually on neck, chest, groin, or in elbow creases

What to do

Stay in a cool, dry place

Keep rashes dry

Use powder (like baby powder) to sooth the rash

Centers of Disease Control and Prevention  tips

  • • Stay in an air-conditioned area during the hottest hours of the day.
  • • Wear light, loose-fitting clothing.
  • • Drink water often. Don’t wait until you’re thirsty.
  • • Avoid unnecessary hard work or activities if you are outside or in a building without air-conditioning
  • • Avoid unnecessary sun exposure. When in the sun, wear a hat, preferably with a wide brim.