BBJ Fitness Corner: Changes to our body

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THE fitness industry promotes training programs and diets that aim to help an individual live a long, healthy life. But some of these may have negative effects, especially the rapid and intense training programs and fad diets, which can also be dangerous, Gold's Gym personal trainer Jerry Diaz said.

A fitness client of Jerry Diaz, Dominador Ayeras is physically active at home. 

 

The human body changes as we age, he added. Changes in body cells and organs lead to changes in functions and in appearance. As individual cells age, they function differently and more slowly. Ultimately, old cells must die as a normal part of the body’s functioning.

Understanding this can help us realize why we need to treat the human body with care, Diaz said.

Obvious body changes begin early in mid-life. Most internal functions decline with aging. Our bodily functions usually peak right before the age 30. What follows is the process of overall gradual decline.

However, even with this decline, most bodily functions maintain a sufficient production based on functional capacity the body can perform. For example, if half the liver is destroyed, the remaining tissue is more than enough to maintain normal function.

Although most body functions continue to work, older people will be less capable in handling stresses, including vigorous physical activity, digesting specific food, or breaking down and storing food appropriately. Another factor is osteoporosis: the bones become weak and prone to breakage.

Dominador Ayeras, a math teacher at Dandan Middle School, seeks health and nutrition advice appropriate to his fitness level.

Contributed photos

 

Diaz shares the following tips for healthy aging:

• Try to maintain adequate muscle mass and strength for daily functional tasks. Exercise regularly, but safely; don’t overdo it.

• Take care of your heart by eating healthy food, getting enough sleep, avoiding tobacco and alcohol, and managing stress.

• Take care of your digestive system. Eat fruits, vegetables, and high-fiber foods such as barley, nuts, seeds, and whole grains. Drink plenty of water. See a doctor.

Next week, Diaz will share his thoughts on the appropriate fitness training program for an individual's age.

References:

https://www.webmd.com/digestive-disorders/features/digestive-health-aging#1

https://www.the-scientist.com/features/how-muscles-age--and-how-exercise-can-slow-it-64708

https://www.merckmanuals.com/home/immune-disorders/biology-of-the-immune-system/effects-of-aging-on-the-immune-system

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